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Medicare's Therapeutic Shoe Bill


According to the American Diabetes Association, there are approximately 16 million Americans with diabetes. Unfortunately, this number continues to grow. Twenty-five percent of persons with diabetes develop foot problems related to the disease. Recognizing this problem, Congress approved the Medicare Therapeutic Shoe Bill, helping thousands of persons with diabetes obtain protective footwear and inserts.

Medicare Beneficiary Eligibility

Payment for therapeutic shoes is the same as for other Medicare benefits(80%of the resonable an allowed Medicare fees).  These fees are adjusted every year, so you should call your Medicare insurance carrier to get a current payment schedule. 

Therapeutic shoes provided for people with diabetes are considered as a special and separate category under Medicare.  They are not considered as durable equipment or orthotics. 

Medicare covers diabetic shoes, inserts and modifications for program beneficiaries only if the following criteria are met: (a) The patient has diabetes and one or more of the following conditions:

  • Previous amputation of the other foot, or part of either foot, or
  • History of previous foot ulceration of either foot, or
  • History of pre-ulcerative calluses of either foot, or
  • Peripheral neuropathy with evidence of callus formation of either foot, or
  • Foot deformity of either foot, or
  • Poor circulation in either foot; and

(b) The certifying physician who is managing the patient‘s systemic diabetes condition has certified that (1) one or more of the indications required by (a) above are present, (2) he or she is treating the patient under a comprehensive plan of care for his or her diabetes, and (3) the patient needs diabetic shoes, inserts or modifications.

Coverage Limitations

For Medicare beneficiaries meeting criteria described above, coverage is limited to one of the following within 1 calendar year:

  • 1 pair of off-the-shelf depth shoes and 3 additional pairs of multi-density inserts.
  • 1 pair of off-the-shelf depth shoes including a modification, and 2 additional pairs of multi-density inserts.
  • 1 pair of custom-molded shoes and 2 additional pair of multi-density inserts.
  • Documentation Requirements

Medicare program carriers generally require the following before reimbursement will be made for shoes, inserts or modifications furnished to a program beneficiary.

A certification of medical necessity from the physician who manages the patient’s diabetes, which certifies that the patient (a) has diabetes mellitus, (b) has at least one of the qualifying conditions, (c) is being treated under a comprehensive plan of care for his or her diabetes, and (d) needs diabetic shoes. Medicare carriers recommend that suppliers use the Medicare approved “Statement of Certifying Physician for Therapeutic Shoes” form to fulfill this requirement.

  • A prescription for a particular type of footwear (e.g., shoes, inserts, modifications) from a podiatrist or physician who is knowledgeable in the fitting of diabetic shoes and inserts. Suppliers are required to keep file copies of signed and dated physician prescriptions.

Furnishing The Footwear

The footwear must be fitted and furnished by a podiatrist or other qualified individual, such as a pedorthist, orthotist, or prosthetist. The certifying physician may not furnish the footwear unless he or she practices in a defined rural area or health professional shortage area. The prescribing physician may be the supplier. Additional requirements may apply. You should consult a qualified expert or Medicare for more information. The information contained herein is a summary of select Medicare rules and policies, and is intended